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How Can Fibroids Affect My Fertility?

Those non-cancerous tumors made up of cells and muscle known as uterine fibroids can be a confusing topic. Many women with uterine fibroids have no symptoms whatsoever, and some never even know they have them.

Others can have painful, heavy periods and struggle with discomfort. With all these disparate situations you may be wondering if and how fibroids can affect your fertility.

How And Why Fibroids Affect Fertility

Many women will have children with no impact related to their uterine fibroids. However, certain fibroids affect the ability to conceive and remain pregnant. The size, location, and number of fibroids are key to whether they may affect a woman’s ability to conceive and give birth without issue.

Woman concerned about fibroids

  • The location of fibroids can prevent the sperm and egg from joining together for conception. The shape of the cervix may change allowing less sperm to enter the uterus.
  • If fibroids block the Fallopian tubes, it can affect whether the embryo reaches the uterus for implantation, and sometimes they may even change the shape of the uterus making it more difficult to successfully implant.
  • Fibroids have been known to weaken the uterine wall, decreasing nutrients to the growing embryo and potentially causing a miscarriage.
  • The size of a fibroid or multiple fibroids will also change during pregnancy with the increase in the production of estrogen. So as the fetus grows, so will the uterine fibroid(s). One of the greatest concerns for women during pregnancy is whether the size of the fibroid will increase the chances of a miscarriage. In addition, it can change the baby’s position within the uterus and necessitate the need for a C section.

Getting Answers In Doylestown, Pennsylvania

If you have uterine fibroids and are considering trying to become pregnant, confer with obstetrician or gynecologist to discuss the possible issues related to the size, number, and location of your fibroids. Every case is different. Based on your particular situation, surgery may or may not be a suitable solution. Fortunately, minimally invasive procedures utilizing the da Vinci Surgical System exist to treat these pesky fibroids.

One such option is a surgery known as a Myomectomy. During the procedure, your fibroids will be removed using as few incisions as possible.

We have focused on how fibroids can affect your fertility, but many women with fibroids have natural and successful pregnancies.

If you have fibroids and are considering getting pregnant, speak to one of our OBGYNs first about how these uterine fibroids may affect your fertility. To schedule an appointment at Dinesen & Associates, please call (215) 489-2066 today.